Bacteria in the mouth infect the tissue surrounding the tooth and cause inflammation around the tooth and cause periodontal disease. When bacteria stay on the teeth long enough, they form a film called plaque, which eventually hardens and turns into tartar, also called calculus. Smoking or using smokeless tobacco Autoimmune or systemic diseases. Periodontitis, also called gum disease, is a serious gum infection that damages soft tissue and, without treatment, can destroy the bone that supports the teeth.
In a person with periodontitis, the inner layer of the gums and bone separates from the teeth and forms pockets. This more advanced stage of gum disease shows significant bone loss, a deepening of the periodontal pockets, and possibly a retraction of the gums surrounding the teeth. In most cases, the development of periodontitis begins with plaque, a sticky film composed primarily of bacteria. The best way to prevent periodontitis is to follow a good oral hygiene program, one that is started early and practiced consistently throughout life.
The bacteria responsible for periodontitis can enter the bloodstream through gum tissue and possibly affect other parts of the body. Despite following good oral hygiene practices and making other healthy lifestyle choices, the American Academy of Periodontics states that up to 30% of Americans may be more likely to suffer from gum disease due to their genes. Periodontitis, also commonly called gum disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in the mouth and can end, if not properly treated, with tooth loss due to the destruction of the tissue surrounding the teeth. While the symptoms of periodontal disease are often subtle, the condition isn't entirely without warning signs.
Periodontal diseases, also called gum disease, are serious bacterial infections that attack the gums and surrounding tissues. Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that can lead to tooth loss and other serious health complications. Brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing every day, and having regular dental checkups can greatly improve your chances of succeeding in treating periodontitis and may also reduce your chances of developing it. For example, periodontitis is linked to respiratory diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, coronary artery disease, and problems controlling blood sugar in diabetes.