What is dental periodontal disease?

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold the teeth in place. It's usually caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, to build up on the teeth and harden. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can cause gum pain and bleeding, painful chewing problems, and even tooth loss. The word periodontal means around the tooth.

Periodontal diseases, also called gum disease, are serious bacterial infections that attack the gums and surrounding tissues. If left untreated, the disease will continue and the underlying bone around the teeth will dissolve and will no longer be able to hold the teeth in place. Periodontal disease usually isn't painful, so it's possible to have it and not realize it. Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support the teeth.

It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know that you have it. Also known as periodontal disease, gum disease is caused by plaque, the sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on our teeth. Gum disease is a major cause of tooth loss.

Gum disease has two main stages. If diagnosed and treated in the first stage, the condition can be reversed and tooth loss can usually be prevented. To prevent gum disease, practice good oral hygiene and visit your dentist for cleaning and checkups twice a year. Good dental care at home is essential to help prevent periodontal disease from worsening or becoming more severe.

Aggressive periodontitis is a highly destructive form of periodontal disease that occurs in otherwise healthy patients. Periodontitis is the name of the most advanced periodontal disease, and if allowed to progress to this point, not only are the gums affected, but the bone structures that support the teeth will also be compromised.

Makayla Metchikoff
Makayla Metchikoff

Friendly tv expert. Wannabe coffee fanatic. Hipster-friendly travel lover. Extreme internet advocate. Wannabe zombieaholic.

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