In their early stage, called gingivitis, the gums may become inflamed and red, and may bleed. In its most severe form, called periodontitis, the gums can detach from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth can loosen or even fall out. Periodontal disease is mainly seen in adults. In a person with periodontitis, the inner layer of the gums and bone separates from the teeth and forms pockets.
These small spaces between the teeth and gums accumulate debris and can become infected. The body's immune system fights bacteria as plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Understanding gum disease means two things. First, you start treating periodontal disease (or gum disease) when you have a gum infection, before it can cause real damage.
Secondly, treating gum disease means preventing it as much as possible. The more bacteria you can keep out of your mouth, the better. The effects of periodontitis can extend beyond oral health. As bacteria and tartar continue to grow, they can enter the bloodstream and travel throughout the body and cause other health problems, such as arthritis, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
It's critical to treat periodontal disease before it affects your overall physical health. The mild variety is called gingivitis. When you have it, only your gums become infected. If you don't treat it, the infection can travel below the gum line and reach the bone.
It then develops into a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis. Periodontitis (also called periodontal disease) is a gum disease. This infection damages the soft tissue around the teeth and wears away the bone that supports them. If left untreated, the disease ends up ruining the bone, loosening the teeth and causing them to fall out.
The best way to prevent periodontitis is to have regular dental cleanings and practice good oral hygiene at home between visits. A big red flag that researchers have observed with respect to periodontal disease is that, if you have periodontal disease, it makes oral cancer more difficult to see and also to treat. Brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing every day, and having regular dental checkups can greatly improve your chances of succeeding in treating periodontitis and may also reduce your chances of developing it. Regular dental checkups help detect periodontal disease before it affects your oral health and reduce your chances of developing the disease.