Use a small ruler called a “probe” to check and measure any pouches around your teeth. In a healthy mouth, the depth of these pouches is usually between 1 and 3 millimeters. Only a dentist can diagnose periodontal disease. If you have any of the symptoms listed above, schedule a dental exam right away to find out if you need periodontal treatment.
If you don't have symptoms, you still need to visit your dentist twice a year for an exam. Using a gum probe, the dentist will check the depth of the pocket between the gum and the teeth. Accurately measuring gum pockets and jaw height within a millimeter range is crucial for diagnosing periodontitis. For a healthy gum, the maximum probe depth is only 3 mm.
If gum disease has begun to affect the jaw that supports the teeth, the depth of the probe will be 4 mm or more. To begin the dental checkup, the dentist will review the patient's dental history, allowing him to get an overview of the patient's oral health and risk factors. Your dentist will be able to detect signs of periodontitis at an early stage during a routine dental exam. Periodontal disease, also known as gingivitis and periodontitis, is more easily identified by the visible symptoms it causes as it progresses.
The most effective way to detect and prevent periodontal disease is to adopt good oral hygiene and attend regular dental cleanings and exams.