Measure the depth of the groove between the gums and the teeth by placing a dental probe next to the tooth, below the gum line, usually at several sites in the mouth. In a healthy mouth, the depth of the pouch is usually between 1 and 3 millimeters (mm). Pockets that are more than 4 mm deep may indicate periodontitis. If your dentist diagnoses gingivitis, he may suggest that you undergo a professional cleaning, called a “scale and polisher.” This can be done by the dentist or a hygienist and is designed to eliminate persistent plaque buildup and leave your teeth really clean.
Do you suspect that you have gum disease? Make an appointment with your hygienist or dentist. Only they can diagnose periodontal disease. A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the groove (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums. The depth of a healthy furrow is three millimeters or less and doesn't bleed.
The periodontal probe helps indicate if the bags are more than three millimeters deep. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets tend to get deeper. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate your periodontal disease and recommend appropriate treatment. Advanced periodontitis Teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed.
After your periodontal treatment is finished, your dentist and dental hygienist will recommend that you undergo regular maintenance cleanings (periodontal cleanings), usually three or four times a year.