Gum disease is usually painless and has no noticeable symptoms, so it's hard to know if you really have it. Many symptoms may not appear until an advanced stage of the disease, called periodontitis. Even if you don't notice any symptoms, you may have some degree of gum disease. In some people, gum disease may affect only certain teeth, such as the molars.
Only a dentist or periodontist can recognize and determine the progression of gum disease. Caused by bacteria found in plaque, gum disease is extremely common, affecting more than 50% of American adults. Early-stage periodontal disease, also known as gingivitis, is easily reversed by properly maintaining your teeth, but what if you don't have teeth? Are you still susceptible to gum disease? Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular visits to the dentist can help reduce the risk of developing periodontal disease.