If left uncontrolled, the mouth can develop gingivitis, or a more serious gum infection, periodontitis (periodontal disease). It's important to note that once gum disease turns into periodontitis, the disease becomes irreversible. Periodontitis cannot be cured, it can only be controlled. Periodontitis is much more difficult to treat, but gingivitis is treatable and reversible.
The sooner a patient begins to combat this condition, the more likely the person is to overcome it. More effective brushing and flossing can make your gums healthier and eliminate bacteria from your mouth. The dentist can also scrape off plaque and tartar during health checkups. There is no cure for periodontitis.
The only treatment available for periodontitis is gingivitis, when the condition is in its early stages, when it can be reversed before progressing to moderate or advanced periodontitis. Once it has developed into periodontal disease, the dentist can only control it through the use of scraping and root smoothing methods. Periodontal disease can be treated, but technically it can't be “cured.” Even after a dentist helps you get rid of periodontal disease, there's a chance it'll come back if you don't practice good oral hygiene. Periodontitis is the most serious form of gum disease.
The symptoms include all those that occur with gingivitis, as well as some others that have much more serious consequences. Some of the scariest side effects of periodontitis are gum retraction, gums that separate from the teeth, and tooth loss. If periodontitis is allowed to progress uncontrollably, it can eventually have irreversible consequences. The gums are an important part of the structure of the mouth.
When they begin to retract and separate from the teeth, which can occur with severe periodontitis, the stability of the teeth is jeopardized. Your teeth can't stay healthy when you have a severely sick gum. Periodontitis can develop when gingivitis is allowed to progress without intervention. Older age may increase the chance of periodontitis.
In addition, if you smoke, take certain medications, or have other health conditions, your susceptibility to periodontitis may increase. Periodontitis can be cured in some situations, but it's more difficult than simply improving your oral hygiene routine. For some people, sadly, there's a point where a cure isn't possible and the only option is to control symptoms. Effective treatment of periodontitis involves more invasive treatment options, such as root scraping and smoothing (deep cleaning), periodontal surgery, and laser gum surgery.
If you have developed periodontitis, you will need the help of your dentist for the treatment to be effective. A combination of periodontal therapies are used in the office and at home to stop the progress of periodontitis and maintain optimal oral health in the future. Periodontitis (or periodontal disease) is an advanced form of gingivitis that requires more rigorous treatment than gingivitis. Once again, this stage of periodontitis cannot be cured, so the goal of treatment is to reverse damage when possible and stop progress through in-office and home periodontal therapy and oral health maintenance plans.
While home therapies can help reduce bacteria, if you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, home care alone cannot treat the disease because the infection has already caused damage to underlying tissues that require professional periodontal treatment.